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How to make a Business Plan?




 Once you've gathered all the information you need and understand why you need one, you can now begin to create your business plan. The next pages will outline the seven core sections of your plan. They will outline what you should, shouldn't, how you work the numbers, and any other resources you may need. Let's dive right into it.



 Executive Summary


 Within the overall outline of the business plan, the executive summary will be a part of the title page. This summary will inform the reader of the goals you have set. This is vital. It is all too common for business owners to find what they want on page 8. The summary should be clear about what you want.



 Business Description


 A typical description of a business begins with a short description of your industry. You should discuss both the future outlook and the current perspective when you write about the business. Include information about the different markets, and any new products or developments that could be beneficial or harming your company.



 How long should your plan be?



 When I began working with business planning in the late 1970s the typical plan was much more complex and lengthy. It is possible that business plans are now more popular than ever. They are utilized by more people and more frequently. It could also be a matter of trends among bankers and investors who study business plans. You could also think that people are less likely to have time for reading documents.



 Whatever the reason, the current trend in business plans of the present is to go back to the basics, with good projections and solid analysis. It is crucial to create a format that is easy to comprehend quickly. My best advice is to keep your plan for business as simple as you can if you wish people, which most people will, to take the time to read it. Your business plan shouldn't be mistaken for a doctoral dissertation, or a lifetime assignment. Make sure that the language and format are straightforward, and keep the plan short.



 Do not confuse simple formats and words with basic thinking. Your idea isn't incomplete when you make it clear. It's important to communicate your message quickly and clearly to anyone who is reading it.



 Let's now get to the details of simplifying your plan.



 Your prose should be concise. It's simple to write business-related writing that is effective. People will quickly skim through your business plan. Make your prose concise to make it easier for you to write the epic American novel you'll be writing later. Here are some tips to consider when making your plan.



 If you need to convey a message do not use long, complex sentences. They are simpler to comprehend and are suitable for sentences that are short.


 Beware of acronyms, jargon and buzzwords. While you may be aware that NIH is "not invent here" and KISS is "keep it simple stupid", this doesn't mean anyone else has the same knowledge.


 Use simple and easy words like "use", instead of "utilize" or "then" instead of "at that time in the future."


 Lists are better with bullet points. They are helpful for helping readers understand details more clearly.


 Avoid "naked" bullet points. It is possible to elaborate on them by providing brief explanations when necessary. Fascinating bullet points that aren't explained well can be frustrating.


 Keep it short. Nowadays, business plans are shorter in length than they were before. There are probably sufficient text pages to cover all the information you need, with 10 additional pages for appendices. These pages are able to present monthly projections, management resumes, and other details. If you've got a plan that's more than 40 pages long it's likely that you're not presenting your information well.




 Of of course there are some exceptions to the general rule. The plan for a chain or coffee shop included photographs of the location that was planned as well as sketches and maps of the other locations. While the plan was more precise, the images added real worth. Information that is useful includes product photos menus for locations and menu blueprints, floor plans for restaurants, logos and photos of signage.



 Utilize business charts. Your important numbers should be easy to find and understand. Highlight the most important numbers with simple table of contents or business charts. Appendices should be simple to locate the relevant information. Also...



 Bar charts are a great way to display sales, gross profit net profits, net cash flow, net worth, and net loss per year.


 Three-dimensional bars appear smoother, while two-dimensional bars can be easier to read. Make sure the numbers are clearly visible.


 Stacked bars make totals easier to see. If you want to visualize the sales total divided into segments, stack bars.


 Pie charts can be used to determine market share in different market segments.


 Display milestones and tasks in horizontal bars, with labels on the left, and dates on the top or bottom. It is also known as a Gantt Chart. Because these charts can be difficult to comprehend, it is best to show only the most important tasks and milestones.


 So that readers can quickly refer to them and identify the numbers on the charts, it's recommended to include the sources in a summary table. The reader of a business plan should never be unable to locate the source numbers in charts. That's frustrating.


 Do not use a chart without referencing it within the text. If source numbers aren’t obvious from the summary tables, be certain to mention which appendices contain the specific numbers.


 Polish the overall look. Other than the wording the physical appearance of text should be inviting and simple to read. Consider my advice:

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 Stick to two fonts when writing your text. For headings, you should use a simple sans serif font such as Arial or Tahoma. The font you choose for your body text should be a common text font such as Century Times Roman or Book Antigua.


 Avoid small fonts. There are only a handful of fonts that are good at 10 point; most fonts are better at 11-12 points.


 Page breaks are used to separate table and sections from the text. Always go to the next pages if you're not sure. Do not be afraid to move on to the next page.


 Make sure you have plenty of white space. Reading text in tiny spaces can be uncomfortable.

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 Make sure to use your spell-checker. Be sure you proofread your text carefully so you don't misspell the words. Double-check that your text numbers match the ones in your tables.